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雅思

雅思写作从5到9最要提高的是答题思维

文字:[大][中][小] 2019-1-3    浏览次数:223    

今天小编给大家带来了一篇文章:雅思写作从5到9最要提高的是答题思维。



试真题2018.11.01

Public transport should be funded by the government so that it can be free for the people who use it.To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement.

 

题目分析

本题考查的是政府投资,公共交通是否应该免费。范文首先提出公共交通关乎民众的切身利益,它的融资方式值得深入探讨。主体段落首先指出些公共交通私有 化的国家面对的问题,然后对交通国有化进行利弊讨论。最后总结观点。

 

文章结构structure

Introduction

Body paragraph 1

Body paragraph 2

Conclusion

 

范文示例Introduction

Introduce the topic

Free or subsidised public transport (免费或有补贴的公共交通) is an issue that has  become more and more prevalent (adj.普遍的) in some Western societies.

Background sentence

As rail and bus travel ticket prices soar (v.飞涨), an increasing number of people are being negatively affected (受此负面影响).

Purpose of the essay

It is difficult for people on low incomes to travel to and from work (工作往返),unless 

they can afford to, so it makes sense to (有理由) have a debate about how public trans-port (公共交通) should be financed (v.融资).

 

导论段译文

引出主题

一些西方社会中,免费或有补贴的公共交通变得越来越普遍。

背景句

由于铁路和公共汽车票价飞涨,越来越多人正受此负面影响。

写作目的

除非低收入人群负担得起,否则工作往返也很难。因此,有理由就公共交通的融资方式展开讨论。

 

Body paragraph 1

Idea

One of the main problems in some countries is that rail and bus services are owned by private enterprises (私营企业).

Reason(Why)

This means that they are run for profit (运营的目的就是攫取利润) and have a vested interest (既得利益) in keeping prices high.

Further explain

Rail operators buy rail franchises (铁路专营权) and then face no competition (没有任何竞争者) whatsoever during the period of the franchise (专营权期间), enabling them to charge extortionate prices (收取高价).

Detail(Result of the example)

Low and middle earners (中低收入者) are the ones who bear the brunt of this (首当其冲), and in some cases, it can restrict employment opportunities (限制就业机会).

Conclusion

Accordingly, public transport privatisation (公共交通私有化) benefits its owned enterprises and posts great pressure on (对...造成巨大压力) the public and society.

 

主体段1译文

观点

一些国家的主要问题之一是铁路和公共汽车服务为私营企业所有。

解释观点(理由)

这意味着它们运营的目的就是攫取利润,保持高价格符合既得利益。

进一步解释

铁路运营商购买铁路专营权后,在专营权期间没有任何竞争者,使他们能够收取高价。

细节或例子的结果

对此,中低收入者首当其冲,在某些情况下,这可能会限制就业机会。

结论

据此,公共交通私有化有利于其所有企业,并对公众和社会造成巨大压力。

 

Body paragraph 2

Idea

Clearly, countries where rail and bus prices are high should look at ways of reducing the burden on consumers (减轻消费者的负担).

Reason(Why)

Rail nationalisation (铁路国有化) is an option being mooted by (正在讨论) opposition par-ties (反对党) in some countries.

Explain(Example)

This will put rail routes in the hands of (交到...手中) the public and enable governments to set rail prices at an affordable rate (制定可承受的铁路票价).

Detail(Result of the example)

Whether or not rail and bus travel should be free depends upon how this can be funded.

Conclusion

In principle, free public transport (公共交通免费) is a good idea. In practice, however,taxes will have to up to fund it.

 

主体段2译文

观点

显然,铁路和公共汽车价格居高的国家应该考虑如何减轻消费者的负担。

解释观点(理由)

一些国家的反对党正在讨论的一个选择是铁路国有化。

进一步解释或例子

这将铁路线路的掌握权交到公众手中,使政府能够制定可承受的铁路票价。

细节或例子的结果

铁路和公共汽车旅行是否免费应该取决于它们筹集资金的方式。

结论

原则上,公共交通免费是个惠民政策。然而,事实上,它不得不指望税收提供资金。

 

Conclusion

Personal attitude

In conclusion, I would lean on the side of nationalisation as the best way of making public transport available for all.

Main idea of the essay

Free public transport sounds good in theory,but it is probably unaffordable (adj.难以承担的).

 

结论段译文

个人倾向

总之,我认为国有化是最好的方式,使所有人都能乘坐公共交通。

主要观点总结

理论上,免费的公共交通似乎很好,但它可能难以负担。

words: 292

 

词汇积累

free or subsidised public transport

免费或有补贴的公共交通

Prevalent

adj.普遍的

Soar

v.飞涨

being negatively affected

受此负面影响

travel to and from work

工作往返

makes sense to

有理由

public transport

公共交通

Finance

V.融资

private enterprises

私营企业

they are run for profit

运营的目的就是攫取利润

a vested interest

既得利益

rail franchises

铁路专营权

face no competition

没有任何竞争者

the period of the franchise

专营权期间

charge extortionate prices

收取高价

low and middle earners

中低收入者

bear the brunt of this

首当其冲

restrict employment opportunities

限制就业机会

public transport privatization

公共交通私有化

posts great pressure on

..造成巨大压力

reducing the burden on consumers

减轻消费者的负担

rail nationalisation

铁路国有化

being mooted by

正在讨论

opposition parties

反对党

put.. .in the hands of

交到...手中

set rail prices a tan affordable rate

制定可承受的铁路票价

free public transport

公共交通免费

Unaffordable

adj.难以承担的

 以上就是今天小编给大家带来的雅思写作从5到9最要提高的是答题思维相关信息。如有更多疑问欢迎大家电话咨询哦。


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